Book DescriptionCloth accesses an astonishingly broad range of human experiences. The raw material from which things are made, it has multiple associations: sensual, somatic, decorative, functional, and ritual. Yet although textiles are part of our everyday lives, their very familiarity and accessibility belie a complex set of histories and meanings. This is the first journal to look at the cultural meanings of textiles, with articles drawn from a wide range of disciplines. Heavily illustrated in full color, and featuring book and exhibition reviews, it brings together research in an innovative and distinctive forum, and will be essential reading for all those interested in textiles, material culture, and design.
This book is all about the principles and procedures of construction of almost all types of weaves on graph paper as well as their development in cloth on loom. Each category of weave and their derivatives have been discussed precisely in a systematic way. The 3 Dimensional weaves and their developments in cloth on loom has been discussed. The basics of computer aided textile designing has also been highlighted. The practical application of different type of weaves in the development of the jacquard woven designs has been described with the examples. The book will be useful for the students from Diploma to Master degrees of textile trade, the designers in textile, fashion and the technocrats of textile industries.
The New Iraqi Journal of Medicine was founded in 2005 and it became the official journal of the Iraqi Ministry of Health and Iraq headquarter of Copernicus Scientists International Panel. The journal was the first Iraqi medical journal to be listed and indexed by international index which is the Copernicus Journal Master list.The aim of this book is to publish the scientific articles published in December issue of “The New Iraqi Journal of Medicine” Volume one, 2005.In this issue, distinguished authors from outside Iraq contributed to the journal. In addition, the journal published an editorial about a newly proposed CME scoring system.This issue also includes Iraqi research in the fields of psychiatry, neonatology, general surgery, and laparoscopic surgery.
Indiscriminate disposal of textile effluent into water bodies cause major threat to the environment. The present study suggests a great potential of bacteria to remove color from the dye waste. By using enrichment culture technique bacterial isolate were obtained from the industrial effluent treatment plant from Ankleshwar, among these the culture which has better efficiency for dye decolorization under natural environmental conditions was selected. Effect of physicochemical factors on the efficiency of such bacterial isolates was also studied.
Six textile dyes were selected for decolorization tests, these were Red ME6BL, Orange ME2RL, Turquoise Blue BGF, Turquoise Blue RSPL,Yellow 4G and Green 3R. 85 strains were isolated from the textile dyeing effluents and finally 25 strains were selected on the basis of their decolorization potentiality. Selected 25 isolates were studied in detail for provisional identification. Out of 25 isolates 21 were Gram positive and 4 were Gram negative aerobic bacteria. . Out of 25 strains only 2 strains viz. Bacillus cereus and B. subtilis were able to decolorize Red ME6BL and Orange ME2RL within 16 hours. Most of the strains were also capable of decolourizing Red ME6BL, Orange ME2RL, Turquoise Blue BGF, Turquoise Blue BGF in mono culture within 3-5 days. In mixed culture Red ME6BL, Orange ME2RL,Turquoise Blue BGF were decolourized within 2-3 days.Textile Waste water samples used as inocula were capable to decolourize selected six dye compounds within 24 hrs.
Textile dyes have adverse effects on human beings and aquatic life. Textile dye waste is a potential source of surface and ground water contamination if it is not properly collected, treated and disposed of. The main objective of the research was to prepare activated carbon from an agricultural solid waste, coconut coir and to determine its effectiveness in removing textile dyes from aqueous solution and in textile dye waste treatment. The coconut coir activated carbon (CCAC) and a commercial activated carbon (CAC) were characterised in terms of ash content, bulk density, pH, pHZPC, surface area, micropore area, micropore volume, average pore diameter, surface morphology, surface acidic functional groups, basic sites and surface functional groups. Adsorption of four different classes of textile dyes, namely Acid Red 18 (AR 18), Disperse Red 343 (DR 343), Reactive Yellow 15 (RY 15) and Direct Blue 86 (DB 86) by CCAC and CAC were examined.
New Zealand is an extraordinary place. It is a country inspired by an eclectic mix of a pioneering past, Pacific location, unique landscape and a rich and diverse culture. Textiles NZ is the industry body representing manufacturers of four contributing sectors: textiles, carpet, footwear and apparel. The industry is generically referred to as the "textiles sector".New Zealand is fast growing county right now. And there is a wide business opportunity in textile industry because it is place where largest import for textile and clothing takes place.
Today industrial products and practices generate waste that if improperly managed, could threaten public health and the environment. Among all industrial sectors, textile industries are rated as high polluters, taking into consideration the volume of discharge and effluent composition. Among the various classes of dyes, Basic dyes are found to be the brightest class of soluble dyes used by the textile industry as their tinctorial value is very high. As part of an effort to remove basic dyes from wastewater with the use of low cost adsorbents, Australian Pinus Sawdust was used to determine the efficiency of removal of Basic Blue 41 in this work. The combined effect of experimental parameters viz. initial dye concentration, contact time and pH on the adsorption process was studied and optimized using Response Surface Methodology (RSM) Central Composite Design. The experimental result showed that Australian Pinus Sawdust could potentially be employed as adsorbent for the decolourization of Basic dyes from effluent from either the industry or else small scale dyeing units.
Pop art created a fresh new outlook using everyday objects and design conflating high and low culture into a bright bold aesthetic. Fueled by the prestigious art schools in London specifically the Royal College of Art, the Pop artists of the late 1950s and early 1960s found their voice. A young, eager, and talented textile student, Zandra Rhodes, took inspiration from the Pop movement encircling her at the Royal College of Art and the energy and personalities that put London on the fashion map. Zandra Rhodes was one of the most pioneering and influential textile designers of the late 1960s and 1970s who took her remarkable pop art inspired fabrics and revolutionized the fashion world. This book highlights Rhodess early textile designs from her years at the Royal College of Art, to her first foray into the fashion world with designs for the legendary Swinging London duo Foale and Tuffin, to the launch of her eponymous collection as well as special commissions for Jacqmar, &Vice Versa, and Sekers Pty Australia. The book features stunning photography of never seen before textiles, drawings, and archival images combined with fashion photography by Clive Arrowsmith, Guy Bourdin, Henry Clarke, David Bailey, Helmut Newton, and Richard Traeger.
The benefit of scientific medical peer-reviewed writing and publication is to document scientific facts, practices, and new hypothesis and to apply proven facts to patient care by challenging the current practices and subjecting them to the judgment of peers. In this way the scientific knowledge is advanced contributing to improved patient care, medical and health practices. The New Iraqi Journal of Medicine was founded in 2005 and became the official journal of the Iraqi Ministry of Health and Iraq headquarter of Copernicus Scientists International Panel. The aim of this book is to publish the scientific articles published in “The New Iraqi Journal of Medicine” Volume two, 2006. In this issue, authors from India contributed to the journal. The journal published articles in the fields of medical education, psychiatry, general surgery, Anatomy, nephrology, infectious disorders and health management.
The aim of this journal is to publish original, high-quality research articles from a broad range of interests within combinatorics, number theory and allied areas. \ One volume of four issues is published annually.
'Weaving' is the art of making cloth and a textile is a woven fabric. Every day of human lives, people are surrounded by textiles and textiles are so much a part of our daily world that it is hard to imagine life without them. The textiles represent the progress or development which people have achieved in their walk of life towards a civilised and cultured society. The textile industry in India comprises of two sectors - organised sector (mills) and unorganised sector (handlooms and powerlooms). The inner weaknesses of these two sectors, led to the proliferation of powerlooms in the Indian Economy. Today powerlooms play a prominent role in fulfilling the avowed objectives of planning i.e., utilisation of idle money and human resources and meeting the clothing requirements of the masses and contributing to the national exchequer. At this juncture, it is important to review the performance of the two sub-sectors of decentralised sector.The present research work also deals with a comparative study of these two sub-sectors. The review and comparative analysis are quite necessary to understand their performance during the planning era and their existing conditions.
The Textile industry in India has an over whelming presence in the economic life of the country. It contributes to production, employment generation and the export earnings of the country. Indian Textiles and Clothing industry is one of the largest contributing sectors of India’s exports worldwide. It is estimated that India would secure 7 percent share in the global textile trade by 2014.The Textile industry accounts for nearly12 percent share of the country’s total exports.India’s garment exports totaled US$ 11.17 billion during the year 2009 - 10 giving it an enviable global market share of 2.99 percent.The Indian Textile exports have been projected to grow at a rate of 22 percentand attain ashare of7 percent in the globaltextile trade. However,the textile export tradeis still lagging behind and its performance needs to be strengthened in thepostliberalization era asits share in global trads is at 3%. Hence,a study was undertaken n two major textile exporting clusters of Tamil Nadu, namely Karurand Tirupur, known for home furnishings and knitted garments.A detailed analysis of the export performance of these two clusters in the post-liberalization period has been undertaken.
Ethiopia has a long history of manufacturing traditional textiles using hand spun yarn and handlooms for weaving. This activity has been the part of cottage industry and is considered to be a major source of employment both in rural and urban areas. Manufacturing textiles on industrial scale has made the beginning in Ethiopia in 1939 when the first integrated textile mill was established by Italian capital. During 196o’s, 5 large-scale integrated textile enterprises were established mainly by private capital. The socialist regime, which reigned from 1974 to 1991, nationalized private textile and apparel firms and at the same time established 4 more integrated textile mills to expand the sector in order to satisfy the domestic demand for regular textiles and substituting imported products. The present book “Ethiopian Textile Industry: Status, Growth Prospects” provides authentic compilation of the information on development of Ethiopian textile industry from 1939-2010. The information provided in the book is both of academic interest regarding the development of cotton, textile and garment sectors and valuable statistical data as well as the information of commercia
The document is have more about the textile processes and its impact on the immediate environment. The waste water discharged by the textile processing have different concentration of pollutants including the heavy metal having great impact on the nervous system of human and other animals. This research paper showed the different activities, raw materials and processes used during each textile processing units and its discharge to the immediate environment.