Language learning strategies received great interest from researchers since the 1970s. The relationship between strategy use, strategy instruction and language proficiency has attracted much attention and debate over the years. Strategy instruction research is expected to produce different results in different parts of the world largely because of the effect of different educational systems and cultural values. This study attempted at investigating strategy instruction within the Saudi context as a contribution to the growing global picture of cross-cultural strategy use and instruction. This accumulation of findings from research around the world will be useful for language teachers, researchers and program designers. The study targeted Saudi female English majors at King Saud university to investigate the relationship between explicit first language strategy instruction and language learning examining whether there will be a difference in strategy use after strategy instruction. Moreover, the study also investigated the effect of the strategy course on subjects’ language proficiency level by the end of the semester in three different skills reading, writing, and listening.
Although new ventures’ competitive positioning and their founders’ social networks are both recognized as important in the context of transition economies, not much is known about their multiplicative effect on performance. We build on the strategic management literature and social network theory to develop theoretical predictions about the role of competitive strategies and social capital for entrepreneurial performance. These are tested with survey data from Bulgaria. We find that both the venture’s competitive strategic positioning and the founder’s networking positively influence performance. The hypothesized moderating effect of networking for the relationship between differentiation strategy and performance received only tentative support. Contrary to expectations, we find a negative moderating effect of networking for the relationship of cost leadership with performance. These results suggest that the entrepreneur’s network plays a role in shaping how strategies influence performance by possibly upholding differentiation and deemphasizing cost leadership strategy. Implications for managerial practice and public policy are discussed.
In 2008, J.K.Rowling delivered a deeply affecting commencement speech at Harvard University. Now published for the first time in book form, Very Good Lives offers J.K.Rowling's words of wisdom for anyone at a turning point in life, asking the profound and provocative questions: How can we embrace failure? And how can we use our imagination to better both ourselves and others? Drawing from stories of her own post-graduate years, the world-famous author addresses some of life's most important issues with acuity and emotional force. Sales of Very Good Lives will benefit Lumos, a charity organisation founded by J.K.Rowling, which works to transform the lives of disadvantaged children, and university-wide financial aid at Harvard University.
This monograph is devoted to the English gratitude expressions use by Kazakhstani EFT students based on the cross-cultural communication approach and from psycholinguistics and pragmatics' view as well. The results of the research will contribute to BA/MA and PhD Foreign Philology and Foreign Languages Theory and Practice students’ knowledge about the features of appreciation expressions in the English language. The research investigates and summarizes the well-known scientists' works as M.Eisenstein, E.Ochs,J.Bodman and others. The second part of this monograph describes the developed thematic classification of gratitude expressions based on the Language Theories and above-mentioned scientists and linguists’ works. Also, comprehension enhancing activities and gratitude expressions usage were developed. This classification and complex of activities could be used as the additional practical materials by English teachers and students in the Universities on English Lexicology, Stylistics, and Discourse Study courses and in ELT/EFL classes as well. The results of monograph is discussed on the 5th Conference on Creative Education(CCE 2015)held in Beijing,China on May 22-24,2015.
Everything new is being sought not in huge institutions, but in our home laboratory. Almost from scratch. You will learn how to concentrate the energy scattered in nature, restore the past, and see the invisible.
Macmillan English Explorers is an eight-level reading scheme written specifically for children learning English in kindergarten and primary schools. Informed by the National Literacy Strategy and by teaching methodology for first language speakers of English, Macmillan English Explorers are supported by an understanding of the needs of young learners and teachers of English. The scheme, which currently has 48 readers plus supplementary materials, can be used alongside any primary course. Key Features: - 48 titles complemented by a variety of supplementary resources - The rich variety of texts, from original fiction to legends, means any child can enjoy reading, wherever their interests lie - Comprehension Workbooks develop a range of reading skills - The Teacher's Notes support structured whole-class teaching with page-by-page lesson notes - Teacher's Notes and Resource Site with tests, word-recognition activities and audio - 'Comprehension Extra' activities in the Teacher's Notes encourage students to consider aspects of the text such as characterisation, style and plot
In ELF research, sociolinguistic issues like language attitudes increasingly attract scholarly attention. This study concentrates on language attitudes concerning ELF in the European context, focusing on European students'' opinions. As a theoretical basis, issues concerning the conceptualization of ELF, language spread and English in Europe are discussed. The students'' attitudes were elicited by means of a questionnaire completed by 250 participants. The questionnaires explore the students'' perceptions of five areas: 1) their role as learners and users of the language, 2) English and linguistic imperialism, 3) pronunciation, 4) grammar and 5) idiomatic language use. Interrelations between frequencies of use, self- perceptions and attitude indications are drawn, probable characteristics of ELF users are examined and relations between ELT practices experienced and attitudes displayed are explored. The findings raise questions about linguistic insecurity and the relevance of ELF in counteracting standard language ideology. Generally, the research shows that the study of ELF attitudes is highly complex and calls for a reconsideration of traditional linguistic concepts.
Desmond Odu, an unemployed Microbiologist, voluntarily took up a teaching vacancy in his alma mater, Southwest Academy. He was confronted with students’ apathy for Mathematics and a deep rooted moral and social decadence. His sense of belonging triggered his energy and enthusiasm to intelligently re-focus the students and fellow teachers. As his effort started to yield good dividend, internal and external forces to Southwest Academy attempted to disrupt the promising rhythms. How Teacher Desmond, a non professional in a highly professional occupation, weathered the storm and became the engineer repairing young souls and mending adult minds makes this fast paced encounters in Welcome Teacher Goodbye Lover, a thrilling motivational tale.