The authors have proved that M. Porter's theory of Competitive Advantage of Nations serves as a theoretical basis for the formation of the world economy monopolarity, while the identification of national competitiveness with the competitiveness of economic entities, first of all, TNCs and MNCs will prevent independent and sustainable economic development of Russia, India and China. The authors provide criteria to determin national competitiveness in the new environment and in this respect analyze a number of national economies. The book is recommended for politicians and economists, engineers and technicians of Russia and foreign countries, also while national specialists training.
Multilingualism and cultural diversity is anchored in Europe?s history. Knowledge of foreign languages is a key competence tackling the challenges of the European Union towards enlargement, civic changes and globalisation. Present analysis describes the set-up of a framework in Education and Training on an EU level and the development of a Language Policy shifting from an initially economic frame to a more cultural and civic approach back to a labour market oriented objective. The conceptualization of the action fields of the EU Language Policy is defined in the correspondence to social, civic and economic needs despite of varying understanding, tradition and visions of multi-lingualism in the Member States. The European Union promotes multilingualism through various funding programmes demonstrated in the second part of this study. Burgenland in Austria is a multilingual region at the cross-point between German, Hungarian, Romani and Slav languages. Using the example of this region, discrepancies have been revealed between the multilingual concept of the European Union and its implementation on a national and regional level due to the socio-economic realities of the Member States.
This study was a sociolinguistic survey of the current language policies, language use and language attitudes in the EAC partner states. A critical examination of the current language policies, a description of language choice and use in various situations and contexts and the attendant language attitudes were done. The empirical information gathered on these variables was to be used as a basis for the formulation of a language policy that promotes EAC integration and the linguistic diversity attendant in the region. The major findings of the study were: The current language policy and language planning has further expressly shaped language policy at the EAC level; The rich tapestry of languages in the EAC region is vibrant and in daily use by people of all generations in various contexts, situations and in the media. In most contexts, a combination of languages is preferred. The use of all these languages ensures that effective and meaningful communication is achieved; Instrumental reasons form the strongest need for European languages while various combinations of languages provide the greatest integrative value.
This is the third pocket size edition of the Constitution of India in the diglot form. In this edition, the text of the Constitution of India has been brought up-to-date by incorporating therein all the amendments up to and including the Constitution (Ninety-Sixth Amendment) Act, 2011.
The story of Kim (1901) unfolds against the backdrop of the political conflict between Russia and Britain in Central Asia known as The Great Came. The novel is notable for its detailed portrait of the people, culture, and varied religions of India. "The book presents a vivid picture of India, its teeming populations, religions, and superstitions, and the life of the bazaars and the road."
The story of Kim (1901) unfolds against the backdrop of the political conflict between Russia and Britain in Central Asia known as The Great Came. The novel is notable for its detailed portrait of the people, culture, and varied religions of India. The book presents a vivid picture of India, its teeming populations, religions, and superstitions, and the life of the bazaars and the road.
В монографии впервые в отечественной историографии анализируется национальная политика большевиков в отношении Украинской ССР в 1920—1930-е годы, получившая название украинизации. Украинизация рассматривается на широком общественно-политическом фоне, как элемент сложных маневров советского руководства и в центре, и в республике. В книге представлены предпосылки, этапы и результаты политики украинизации, прослеживается ее связь с общим курсом партийного и советского руководства. Показано также восприятие большевистской национальной политики широкими слоями населения Украины – интеллигенцией, чиновничеством, рабочими, крестьянами. The monograph is the first attempt in Russian historiography to analyze the national policy of Bolsheviks with regard to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1920-1930, a process which was called the «ukrainization». This phenomenon is considered on a wide social and political background as an element of complex maneuvering of the Soviet leadership both in Moscow and in the republic itself. The book reveals the premises, the stages and the results of this policy, tracing back its connection with the general course of the party and state leadership. It also demonstrates how the national policy of the Bolsheviks has been perceived by the wide strata of Ukraine's population, its intellectuals, officials, workers and farmers.
"I am not an expert on sex, but I was a good student of the women I loved, and I'll try to recall those happy and unhappy experiences which, I believe, made a man out of me," writes the narrator of this novel. Originally published by the author himself in 1965, "In Praise of Older Women" became an international bestseller and renowned classic, and its title is now part of the language.
In a literary career spanning more than fifty years, Wallace Stegner, winner of a Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award, has created a remarkable record of the history and culture of twentieth-century America. These thirty-one stories demonstrate why he is acclaimed as one of America's master storytellers. Here are tales of young love and older wisdom, of the order and consistency of the natural world and the chaos, contradictions and continuities of the human being.
This dissertation entitled as “Rise and Spread of English in British India" examined the history of rise and spread of English in British India from an Indian perspective. The re-reading will provide the current scenario of English as a subject of study in the independent India. Lots of changes it had witnessed from the day it had been dragged into India due to the acceptance of Macaulayan Minute on Education (1835). Macaulay had favoured English to be introduced in India just because the British needed the clerks for administration and mediators to carry out their orders in British India. Taking Macaulay’s Minutes on Education (1835) as a primary resource, this dissertation critically compares it with gradually emerged trends in the field of English studies in post-independent India. The re-reading from Macaulay to Viswanathan and Alan Durant will produce a link through which we can easily connect the changes occurred in the field of English in India from its very limited area ‘English Literature’ to the fresh and emerging area ‘English studies’ without any fix boundaries and limitations.