Death, disability, human suffering and material loss or damages are direct effects of road accidents. This problem is increasing from year to year at an alarming rate, especially in developing countries. Compared with international risk fingers, Ethiopia, particularly; Addis Ababa is one of the worst examples in terms of fatality rate per vehicles. This book attempts to analyses the level, the major causes, and contributing factors of traffic accident in Addis Ababa. Road junctions (nodes) and road segments (links) are usually seem to be more exposed to traffic accidents. And my book finds out why they exposed and assesses measures that have been taken regarding traffic accident and road safety of the city. Moreover, it reviews studies on different aspects of road and traffic factors. Finally, it summarizes the findings and recommends the possible solution to reduce traffic accidents and to improve road safety in Addis Ababa.
Road traffic accident takes thousands of lives everyday around the world. Millions of these accident victims are left with disabilities. The health, psychological and social effects of the accident are also tremendous. It mostly affects the productive age group between 14 and 44 in Africa. Road crash fatalities are high among pedestrians, passengers and drivers respectively. Apart from death and property damages, the psychosocial effects of the accident on the victims are incalculable. Thus, this study undertook to assess the psychosocial effects of car accident among disability victims in Minilik hospital, Addis Ababa. This monograph reflects the tragic experiences of victims from their point of views. The study analyzed its effect on their family, social relations, engagement in work, their health conditions. Finally, the study identified implications for professional practice that could help people who are working to improve the psychosocial well being of victims in the area of trauma services, public health interventions, enhancing the skill of victims to cope with adverse effect of accident and identifying possible policy interventions.
Street vending activity is one of the most important components of the urban informal sector. It has its own distinct dynamics that link the participants to space in ways that mostly does not concern other informal sector workers. Since they sell goods which are produced either informally by them or from the formal sector, they have to get access to market. And it is impossible to them without using the streets unlicensed to sell their goods. And hence, the urban authorities illegalize any kind of informal access to streets. Despite that, street vending activity has become resistant to threats posed by urban authorities in Addis Ababa in general and Arada Sub-city in Particular.Because, the only opportunity to the disadvantaged people such as, people who has no pen pusher relative, cash, further education, some of the recent migrants, disabled and women, is involving in street vending; since the formal sector is full of obstacles to enter for these groups. Thus, they wear, eat, drink and hope to win the other life challenges through vending on street sides rather than through the government help.
The perception of the host communities towards the impacts of tourism is vital for sustainable tourism development. However, there is a limited understanding on the relationship between perception of tourism impact with sustainable tourism development in Ethiopia.Furthermore, there is a limited understanding on how and why residents' respond to tourism,and This inspire the author to write a this book. The book is an attempt to assess the perception of the Addis Ababa residents' towards tourism impact and its implication to sustainable tourism development.The methodological approach of the study was a case study of Addis Ababa city with a quantitative and qualitative descrptive survey domains.The book was relied on primary and secondary data. Results of the study indicated that tourism development in Ethiopia is significantly affected by residents' perception. There is perception difference among the respondents. Moreover negative impacts were less known by the residents,in addition perception difference is observed among socio-demographic factors. Recommendation were forwarded in order to shape and improve the perception of the residents
Provisions of safe water, sanitation and hygiene services are vital for the development of human health. However, lack of proper waste management and sewerage system, poorly designed pit latrines and leaking septic tanks affect the quality of municipal water in a city. Moreover, population expansion and investment development create shortage of water supply and aggravates the pollution rate in the city.Thus, evaluation of municipal water quality was conducted in each sub-cities of Addis Ababa. This book, therefore, provides information on the microbial as well as physico-chemical water quality of Addis Ababa. Some of the basic analytical methods were used for analysis of the selected parameters. The analysis result would primarily be beneficial for the people of Addis Ababa as it provides information on its level of pollution, for Addis Ababa water and sewerage Authority, for various organizations that are working on municipal water quality and water related diseases. It could be helpful information for further studies. It can also gives information on the quality of drinking waters for travellers and tourists who want to come to Addis Ababa.
Is the call for improvement regarding the status of academic freedom,especially those of students genuine at Addis Ababa University(AAU),which claims to foster a democratic university, which gives pride of place to its students in instruction and provision of services while encouraging the robust exercise of academic freedom? This book, in addition to the couple of books written on this topic,will give you some historical backgrounds of academic freedom in Addis Ababa University under the last three regimes and updates you the status of academic freedom to nowadays. Indeed, there is only a couple of books written on this topic. Therefore, this work will be an important resource for readers.
Poor people are Bonsai people. There's nothing wrong with their seed, they just don't have enough space to grow" (Muhammad Yunus, 2007/3/22 in a Gulbenkian Conference in Lisbon). The major findings of the study indicate that MFIs operating in the city of Addis Ababa are expanding in terms of outreach but are sluggish in their speed as compared to their African peers. In addition, these institutions can survive in the near future even though their profitability is very negligible.
This book is published with a big concern for the environment to contribute my own share, though minute. Nature is so beautiful and lets keep it and handover to our sons and daughters with big responsibility, especially those who are living in the urban areas. An urban area with only concretes is really not meaningful. It lacks attractiveness, free oxygen, unfavorable temperature for human body, especially for children.
This book is about settlement quality of condominium housing, which is an integrated form of housing in Addis Ababa, with special reference to Bole Sub- City, Ethiopia. Specifically it deals with the implication of vertical condominium settlement on land management, contribution of condominium in reducing housing shortage problem and its contribution in easing the difficult of infrastructure provision for residents of condominium. Hence the book is supposed to be significant for residents of condominium, housing development agencies, municipalities and academicians or academic purpose.
In Addis Ababa, Public Transportation is one of the main challenge of all public services. To overcome the problems, government is highly striving. Other stakeholders, like World Bank and United Nations are also playing considerable roles to make it efficient. Yet, due to lack of coordination between concerned bodies the problem is persisting. Therefore, it needs the integral effort of various national and international stakeholders to make the system effective and efficient.
This book contains information about cross-sectional study on Salmonella from food items and personnel from Addis Ababa supermarkets. Supermarket food items that included chicken carcass, minced beef, mutton, pork, cottage cheese, fish and ice cream as well as stool samples from personnel working around these foods were analyzed for Salmonella. Serotyping, phage typing and antimicrobial resistance pattern of confirmed isolates were done at Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, Health Canada and at the Office International des Epizooties (OIE?) Reference Laboratory for Salmonellosis, in Guelph, Ontario, Canada. The study revealed that Salmonella serotypes are highly prevalent particularly in chicken carcass and pork. A total of 14 serotypes were detected. Salmonella Newport and Salmonella Kentucky were reported for the first time from Ethiopia. Furthermore, the book explores antimicrobial resistance pattern of isolates. Significant proportion of Salmonella isolates, particularly those from chicken carcass and pork, showed multi-drug resistance to antimicrobial drugs commonly used in public and veterinary sector, thus posing considerable health hazard to consumers.
For a variety of reasons ethnic inter-marriage has been considered as a signal of high level of societal assimilation. In spite of being a multi ethnic nation comprised of more than 80 ethnic groups where enormous population movement and subsequent intermingling took place; no attempt has been made to study the magnitude, trend and characteristics of marital assimilation among ethnic groups in Ethiopia. Likewise, despite being the biggest urban center in the country, little is known whether there is significant inter-marriage among ethnic groups in Addis Ababa, which may have its own manifestation in relation to marital & societal stability, fertility, nutrition, gender equity and other ethnic based policies. In general, the study may help to narrow such gaps and efforts have been made to answer four basic questions: (i)To what extent are ethnic groups inter-married? (ii)Is there any change in ethnic inter-marriage over time? (iii)What are the factors associated with ethnic inter-marriage and how do ethnic groups differ in this respect? (iv)Is there any relationship between ethnic inter-marriage and divorce in the study population?
The present study examines the socio-economic problems that affect the women petty traders in Addis Ababa with specific reference to Gulit traders in Kotebe area of Yeka sub-city. The social and economic factors that led these women to Gulit trading in the study area, the roles and responsibilities and the ways to overcome the socio-economic problems of women Gulit traders were also examined. The study participants are 15 women petty traders from 'Yeka Sub-city of Addis Ababa Administrative zone, specific to Kotebe. Within the age range of 30 -60 who are married and divorced mothers who have with a minimum number of two children and a maximum number of six children living with them. Data was collected through systemic observation, focus group discussion, and in-depth interview.
Marital life disruption has important and direct effect on the well being of the family at the individual or societal level. But studies on marital disruption with its causative factors especially due to family migration are rare and scarce in our country. The present study attempts to explore the basic demographic and socio- economic determinants of female first marital disruption in Addis Ababa,Ethiopia, the case of Yeka sub-city, using primary data. A total of 600 women were interviewed using structured questionnaire. And an in-depth interview was done with selected key informants. Among surveyed women 61.3 percent of the families were migrants within first marriage. Concerning the result, the bi-variate analysis indicates the significant association of migration status of the family, age at first marriage and some socioeconomic characteristics of respondents with marital disruption. Moreover, migration status of the family, number of migration, stream of migration within first marriage and the place where the family live at the start of first marriage are among the variables which showed a significant difference between the dichotomous groups.
Ethiopia provides a well-known example of a severely degraded African environment with consequent implications for food insecurity and famine. Physical land degradation after road building has been observed in Central Ethiopian highlands through gully erosion. In this research work by using a number of methods such as Field observation, gully measurement, GIS technique ,the 1997and 2006 topomap and socio-economic questionnaires, the impacts of the road on land degradation has been studied. It investigates how highway construction in the Ethiopian Highlands affects the gully erosion risk by quantifying the catchement area before and after road construction, the number of gullies created, and its characteristics in two selected cases: Addis Ababa-Fiche and Addis Ababa-Ambo. Accordingly; since the building of the road, 17 new gullies were created immediately downslope of the studied road segmensts and 8 other gullies at a radical change in its dimensions. The average catchement area is now 58.28 hectares and 74.52 on the road segments of Fiche and Ambo respectively, which is significantly different (p