Lung cancer disease is one of the dreaded disease is leading cause of death among men in developed and developing countries. Its cure rate and prognosis depends mainly on the early detection and diagnosis of the disease. Creating awareness among the general public about the disease and screening probable impact group requires lot of painstaking effort. This paper mainly focuses on selectively screening susceptible people for pre-diagnosis of Lung cancer disease. The approach adopted here is, Feed Forward artificial neural network model, symptoms based on lung cancer registry, causes, risk factors,learning approach is used to train the model.The model is developed using multi layer feed forward network and trained by established Lung cancer data. This model is then used for the test data. Tested data is again compared with the clinical diagnosed report and the model is reconfigured by including the current information and new training weights are computed.
More than ever before in human history, the way in which land is being used and managed has become a source of widespread concern.Nigeria’s food problem shows both in quantity and quality. The understanding of the quality use and management interaction of land in crop production is therefore key indications of the sustainability of the resource. A good management objective that is hinged on proper knowledge and the right attitude is a sine qua non to sustainable land use. Land use and management practices affect the fertility of the soil to the extent that the clamor for conservation farming system and management has been a re-awakening issue among researchers and policy makers. Land use and management practices affect human health directly and indirectly. It affects fauna and flora, contributes to local, regional, and global climate changes and is the primary source of soil, water and land degradation. Study on the use and management of an economically valuable but exhaustible resource like land has policy relevance in agricultural development.
X-PERT, the acronym for eXpert Patient Education versus Routine Treatment, is a diabetes self-management programme. This thesis explores a different approach to patient education. It begins with an overview of the epidemiology of Type 2 diabetes and exploration of health behaviour models. A systematic review of group-based, self-management diabetes education programmes is then presented. The tutor’s manual for the expert patient programme “X-PERT” is outlined. The design of the clinical trial was to invite the intervention group to attend the X-PERT Programme but to make individual appointments for the control group. The X-PERT trial tests the hypothesis that delivery of a professional-led, diabetes self-management programme based on empowerment and activation would: develop the skills and confidence for diabetes self-management; improve clinical, lifestyle and psychosocial outcomes; meet the International Diabetes Federation standards for diabetes education. The results support the hypothesis with statistically significant findings. X-PERT is an effective approach that should be offered to all people with diabetes as an integral part of their diabetes treatment.
Cervical cancer is still a burden in our subregion. In the absence of effective screening programs, opportunistic screening remains the mainstay of early diagnosis. The postnatal clinic check-up may be the only window of opportunity to screen women who meet the inclusion criteria. In this study 3% of postnatal women had abnormal Pap smear. Colposcopy evaluation however, did not show abnormal findings. The patients are still on follow up. This study also shows that awareness on cervical cancer is low. Although 13% of the women had heard of cervical cancer, only 5% had a fair idea what it was. This is instructive considering that 51% of the women studied had tertiary education. An unforeseen challenge in the course of the study was the reluctance of women to voluntarily accept to be screened even when it was free.
The study was aimed at examining the relationship between communication management and teacher’s task performance among secondary school teachers in Edo state. Seven (7) research questions and seven (7) null hypotheses which were formulated guided the investigation. The study employed a survey technique, based on ex – post – facto design, using a population of 5,035 teachers in secondary schools. A sample of 1,006 subjects was drawn using a stratified sampling technique. The data collected from 1,006 respondents and their cumulative grade point average (CGPA) for the 2005/2006 session were analyzed using Pearson (r) and regression analysis. Based on the results of data analyzed, the following major finding arose. There was significant relationship between communication management and teachers’ task performance in the secondary schools studied.
Krayenbuhl Prog In Neuro Surgery – Pain Itsneurosu Rgl Management Part 2 – Central Procedures
This book presents analysis of data collected from patients of a safety-net healthcare system in Fort Worth, Texas. It examined three objectives, including explaining the utilization of Pap smear tests among the low-income women, by ascertaining the determinants of using these services. The existence of a race/ethnicity/immigration status effect was found. Anglos were more likely to have had a Pap smear, followed by African Americans, Hispanic immigrants and finally by, Hispanic Americans. The persistence of the race/ethnicity/immigration status effect may be explained by several factors, including cultural differences between the different groups studied. The race/ethnicity/immigration status effect on Pap smear screening changed with the introduction of age, usual source of care, check-up for current pregnancy, and having multiple competing needs for food, clothing and housing into the models studied. The findings may be attributed to the use of a hospital-based sample who had regular access to subsidized health insurance from a publicly funded safety-net healthcare network system. Publicly funded health programs for underserved populations should be maintained and strengthened.
Oral cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and has a severe impact on quality of life for patients and survivors. Oral squamous cell carcinoma incidence accounts for up to 40 percent of all malignancies in India and South –East Asia. Tobacco chewing with betel quid, tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption are the most important etiological factor for oral cancer development through the generation of oxidative stress. Tumour cells are known to produce large amounts of pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor that may suppress the activity and synthesis of lipogenic enzymes. They also cause increased synthesis of soluble factors, such as lipid mobilizing factors, leading to increased fat mobilization from adipose tissue. The alterations in the circulatory cholesterol levels have been found to be associated with etiology of breast cancer and colorectal cancer. However, only a few reports are available on plasma lipid profile in oral cancer.
Quinazoline derivatives have received a great interest as anti-cancer agents since the discovery of Gefitinib. From about 1995 to 2006, the anticancer quinazoline panorama has been dominated by the 4-anilinoquinazolines as tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Interests in quinazolines as anticancer agents have been further increased after the discovery of thymidylate synthase inhibitors Raltitrexed and Thymitaq. The aim of this book is to provide a brief overview of synthesis and pharmacology of quinazoline based anti-cancer agents. The first chapter provides a brief review of conventional and targeted anti-cancer agents and also elaborates on the special place held by quinazoline derivatives in the current anti-cancer chemotherapy. The second chapter is aimed at providing a review of reported synthetic strategies and pharmacological properties of clinically approved quinazoline kinase inhibitors. The third chapter covers the reported synthetic strategies and information on pharmacology of various quinazoline kinase inhibitors which are currently under clinical trials. The fourth chapter covers the literature on anti-cancer activity of quinazoline derivatives reported in the past decade.
Enhancement of research culture among HEIs has been a common and important undertaking for all members of the academe for research harmonizes instruction and extension. This book,therefore, provides a glimpse on how various components of research culture have been found to have been "observed to a great extent" among the six participating HEIs in CALABARZON, Philippines. However, in consideration of the Total Quality Assurance (TQA), it was found out that gap existed between the perception of the top management, middle management, faculty and graduate students and the intent of TQA in all the components. Moreover, a "very high significant relationship" has been found to have existed between and among the various components. Thus, a primer has been developed to serve as a tool and guide to management of private HEI''s in their quest to continuously improve their research culture and attain total quality assurance.