In spite of the fact that every living human being has experienced pain at one time or another, pain is a difficult phenomenon to define. Neuralgia is characterized by a sudden paroxysmal pain that is felt radiating down the peripheral distribution of the involved nerve. This pain is episodic, usually with periods of total remission between the painful episodes. This book is an effort to make the topic easier for better understanding of undergraduate and post-graduate students. The author has tried to include all the details and required information related to the topic. More emphasis is made on the diagnosis and management of the disease. So that the disease is diagnosed easily and earliest relief is provided to the patient.
Cancer is becoming one of the most devastating diseases in the world. Reports from the International Agency for Research on Cancer predict that the global cancer rates will increase 50 percent by 2020. In western countries prostate cancer is the most common cancer in males. To reduce the suffering and death due to cancer is now one of the biggest challenges ever. About 60% of cancer patients receive radiotherapy as part of their disease management. Three dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) and intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) are being used successfully for both the palliative and curative treatments of cancer. The main aim of curative radiotherapy is to deliver a dose of radiation that is high enough to destroy the tumor cells while at the same time minimizing the damage to normal healthy tissues. Radiobiological parameters are used to evaluate and predict the outcome of a treatment plan. In this book, 3D-CRT and IMRT treatment plans for a prostate cancer patient are compared by using a radiobiological model.
No more competition among individual organizations, rather competition in today's competitive business environment must be among the supply chain in order to stay competitive and sustain competitive position. Supply chain management practices requires strategic supplier partnership, customers relationship, quality of information sharing, key business process integration internally and externally across the supply chain, risk and reward sharing, flexibility of operations, accessibility of physical, information and financial flow facilities. This book will have paramount importance for the readers who wants to manage their supply chain and for researchers in the field and related subject area such as transportation management, logistics management, procurement and operations management.
Under-nutrition is still a major challenge among developing countries. Outpatient Therapeutic Program (OTP) has been implemented in emergency settings in a number of Countries with great success. It is now increasingly implemented in Non Emergency contexts in several developing countries. Ministries of health in various countries have integrated OTP into routine health services. Monitoring and evaluation is an essential component and should be in built in all programs. This book therefore, evaluates the Out-patient therapeutic program on Nutrition among children under five years of age. It also sheds light on malnutrition presentation while exploring effectiveness of the program during the second year of inception as well as intrinsic factors that influenced effectiveness of the program. This book will be of great help to health professionals working in the field of nutrition.
Radiotherapy may be an effective alternative to surgery or a valuable adjunct to surgery in loco regional treatment of Oral cancers. Rapidly dividing malignant cells are especially responsive to this form of therapy. It has found a definite role for itself in the management of several forms of cancer, for almost all stages of the disease and can be combined with all modalities of treatment. This manuscript is an attempt to highlight on various modalities in radiotherapy in management of oral cancer.
Anesthesia and Pain Management for the Pediatricia n
Alleviating pain early after childbirth is important as studies have shown that post-operative pain negatively affects a mother’s ability to care for and breastfeed her infant. To alleviate post-operative pain opioids are commonly used; however, we now know that morphine (and other opioid metabolites) pass into breast milk. To ensure that all mothers who are recovering from childbirth and wish to breastfeed are able to do so safely, alternatives to opioids are sought. Reiki is a complementary therapy which uses a technique commonly called “hands on healing” whereby practitioners transfer universal energy through their palms to heal a patient. Reiki practitioners believe they can use their intentions to channel healing energy to their patient regardless of their patients' location. This book examines the effect of distant Reiki on pain levels and analgesia consumption in women who undergo non-emergency cesarean section for childbirth. In a related study, the pain levels and codeine consumption of the same women are examined against their CYP2D6 genotype – the enzyme responsible for conversion of codeine into morphine for pain relief.
Anesthesia and Pain Management for the Pediatrician
Despite the increasing number of Palestinian refugees with diabetes, studies overlooked the day-to-day experiences of refugees living in camps, their management of chronic illnesses, and its impact on quality of life (QOL). No previous studies about Palestinian refugees’ management of chronic diseases (diabetes) have been located in the literature. Qualitative studies provide meaningful data about participants' lives and experiences. Research studies of QOL of a person managing a chronic condition could be policy-oriented, provide information to the public, and have relevance for decision makers. This book describes Palestinian refugee women’s experience of managing diabetes and its impact on their life. Five chapters present study background, conceptual framework and related literature, methodlogy, results, discussion, implications and recommendations. Health workers can help the women improve their management strategies, their QOL and the quality of care offered to refugees. This book is the first to present research-based data on Palestinian refugee women’s experience of managing chronic diseases. It lays out guidelines for health care provision to refugee women with diabetes.
This book on nanoformulation of cancer drugs provides a naotechnology based practical approach towards solving the current problems of uncontrollable drug delivery and adverse effects associated with systemic chemotherapy. The research is applied on common chemotherapy drugs like ‘Paclitaxel'' and ‘Tamoxifen'' but not limited to therapeutic agents, as nanoformulation of ‘Gadolinium'', a MRI contrast agent is also described here. This work was performed at the nanotechnology labs of LA Tech University''s well known "Institute for Micromanufacturing" (IFM),USA, under the guidance of one of the pioneers in this field, Dr. Yuri M. Lvov. Part of this work was featured as the cover story in 7th issue of the international pharmaceutical magazine "Pharma Focus Asia" as "R&D @ NANO LEVEL" in 2008 and also published in peer reviewed journals including the well celebrated drug delivery medical journal "Journal of Controlled Release." This research counted towards a US Patent application and received national level funding. In the April 2009 issue of IFM Newsletter, the author has been quoted as "A person who is a brilliant professional both in engineering and medicine."
Kidney stone disease is becoming one of the commonest disease in all over the world. The pain due to the disease is worst than labour pain.Earlier only males were susceptible, now a days women's also suffering from stone disease. The main reason behind this is changes in life style and food habits. The peoples are less aware about the disease, so their is a need to create awareness among stone patients. This book contains in detail information on all the aspects of stone disease. I think it will be useful for stone patients.