This book presents the results of the study on influence of Environmental Risk Management on the general performance of commercial banks in Uganda. Quantitative research approaches were adopted and a method of data collection, consisting of a survey questionnaire was used. The results from the research provide some evidence that commercial banks in Uganda incorporate environmental issues into lending decisions and are aware of environmental risks and opportunities. It further revealed that good Environmental Risk Management(ERM)contributes to better overall performance of banks and that consideration of environmental issues when making lending decisions is important to banks. The study recommended development and implementation of a comprehensive environmental risk management system and frameworks, adoption environmental management procedures, adoption of appropriate strategy and consideration of structured community participation in monitoring funded projects for enhancing ERM.
The book explains how interest rate risk exposure affects the financial performance of commercial banks in Uganda. The banking sector in Uganda is extremely exposed to various risk exposures in terms of volatility from exchange rates, currency fluctuations, oil prices shocks and inflation which later affects the lending activities of the banks. The purpose of the study was to highlight the key measures, strategies and best practices of minimizing risk exposures in the banking sector by practicing best risk management approaches in line with the international best practices of managing interest rate risks. The study has created avenues for discussion to the extent that the commercial banks in Uganda has achieved good sound and strong measures of the Camel rating risks measures of financial performance and risk reduction strategies in order to curb future risk exposures in the sector. We explore to encourage readers to compare our approach to bring in more insights to the banking sector best practices of interest rate risk management and best ways to sustain bank performance in the fragile environments especially financial crisis in the global financial markets and fragile economies
The present study has focused on following aspects. First, an attempt has been made to examine the importance given to various types of risks being faced by Indian banks. Second, to study the risk management framework among banks, the study examines the size and ownership effect on the Risk Management Practices in banks. Third, we enumerate the growth and performance of banking sector in India since implementation of Basel I. Last issue undertaken in this study is to put forth the major challenges that are being faced by banks in India with the implementation of Basel II Accord and to suggest the procedures to face these challenges.
The recent turmoil on financial markets has made evident the importance of efficient liquidity risk management for the stability of banks. The measurement and management of liquidity risk must take into account economic factors such as the impact area, the timeframe of the analysis, the origin and the economic scenario in which the risk becomes manifest. Basel III, among other things, has introduced harmonized international minimum requirements and has developed global liquidity standards and supervisory monitoring procedures. The short book analyses the economic impact of the new regulation on profitability, on assets composition and business mix, on liabilities structure and replacement effects on banking and financial products.a??
Health Professionals world over are expected to operate in a sterile environment in order to minimize clinical risks but this practice is not observed by many health workers in Uganda. Kibuli Police Dental Clinic is not exceptional.This study investigated the relationship between risk management and patients’ vulnerability to clinical risks in Uganda, a case study of Kibuli Police Dental Clinic, in the Kampala district. Risk management was the independent variable while patients’ vulnerability to clinical risks was the dependent variable in the study. The study objectives were to: .examine the relationship between risk identification and patients’ vulnerability to clinical risks, establish the relationship between risk analysis and patients’ vulnerability to clinical risks, identify the relationship between risk response planning and patients’ vulnerability to clinical risk and to explore how risk monitoring and control affect patients’ vulnerability to clinical risks in Kibuli Police Dental Clinic. The study employed across sectional survey design using both qualitative and quantitative approaches.
Banking sector is suffering a huge chunk of non-performing loan in Pakistan, Due to this profitability and survivals of banks are at risk in Pakistan. “A large number of banks in economies like Thailand, Indonesia, Japan and Mexico experienced a high level of non-performing loan and has faced a significant increase in credit risk during the financial and banking crisis. Due to these financial and economic crises many banks closed down their operations in Indonesia and Thailand (Ahmad & Arif, 2007)”. Keeping in consideration to increase in non-performing in Pakistan, study will explore the relationship between Credit Risk and performance of banking sector.By providing reliable data and evidences about the credit risk and its consequences on banks performance in Pakistan, it is clear that how this important factor non- performing loans (NPLs) is influencing the performance of the banks in Pakistan. It also contributes in addressing the problem and finding a research based solution to the problem of non-performing loans in Pakistani banking context. It also contributes efforts toward the financial risk management strategies and techniques.
The turmoil caused by problems in the American mortgage market has served as an important reminder of the interdependency of global financial institutions. This book presents a survey of the fundamental issues surrounding risk management and shows how central banks and other public investors can create better risk management systems.
Capital adequacy requirements are the rules that help bank supervisors determine whether banks hold sufficient capital at all times to meet unexpected losses. The banking industry had moved ahead with its risk assessment technique, economic capital models and risk based pricing. The turmoil in banking industry has provided an opportunity to examine the robustness of risk assessment techniques and economic capital models.This book provides a good understanding of the reasons behind bank failures, risk assessment techniques, economic capital models and risk based pricing that reduce the risk of future failures. The importance of risk management of commercial banks in terms of capital measurement has been emphasized throughout.The prime objective of the book is the measurement of capital of the unexpected loss for risk management of the commercial banks in order to prevent insolvency. It provides technique to quantify capital for holding on economic basis.
In view of growing complexity of banks’ business and the dynamic operating environment, risk management has become very significant, especially in the financial sector. Risk at the apex level may be visualized as the probability of a banks’ financial health being impaired due to one or more contingent factors. While the parameters indicating the banks’ health may vary from net interest margin to market value of equity, the factor which can cause the important are also numerous. For management of risk at corporate level, various risks like credit risk, market risk or operational risk have to be converted into one composite measure. Therefore, it is necessary that measurement of operational risk should be in tandem with other measurements of credit and market risk so that the requisite composite estimate can be worked out. So, regarding to international banking rule (Basel Committee Accords) and RBI guidelines the investigation of risk analysis and risk management in Co-Op banks is being most important.
Risk Management, the process of measuring the risks, controlling them and implementing measures in order to achieve the desired risk profile, is fundamental to all aspects of a bank’s activities. Due to the liberalization of financial markets, advances in technology and the various risks brought by these developments, the way that banks practice Risk Management has substantially changed during the last years. The important role that an effective Risk Management plays in ensuring banks’ profitability and continuity is widely proven. This survey was conducted to provide a status position on the extent to which Risk Management is practiced by banks in North Cyprus. The survey revealed that risk management systems in TRNC banks are relatively underdeveloped and there is a low level of awareness in banks on the importance of employing an integrated Risk Management framework. There are various gaps that demonstrate the need for developing Risk Management in TRNC banking sector and employing innovative Risk Management tools to manage the risks, non-credit risks in particular.
The existence of sound market risk management practices is crucial to promote investors confidence required for capital market development. This study would therefore help in guiding management, especially in the financial sector, in determining the best risk management strategy to be adopted by their organizations. The study will also bring to the fore, certain risk management practices that when paired with existing global events, can be detrimental to the performance of the financial sector.Both private and corporate investors will benefit from understanding the current practices of risk management in Nigeria and how these fit with recommendations in literature.
The book focuses on the principles of environmental sciences in the context of Uganda.It outlines and explains the salient issues and problems for survival of plants,animals and the human population.It describes the current state of the natural resources and the conservation issues,problems and policy evolution processes.It demonstrates that modernity has generated many environmental problems.This requires analysis ,understanding of the issues and identify options for the future generations of Uganda. The issues of forests, energy demands and environmental devastation make environmental advocacy and education an imperative for sustainable development in Uganda. The book also includes chapters on basic research done in Uganda to try and generate relevant data for effective decision making regarding the environment. This gives a chance to the readers to interpret research results in the context of the problems and issues outlined in the book.It is a good source book for basic information and baseline data about the Uganda natural environment.It is also good for researchers,scientists and conservation agencies .
In Banking, Asset and Liability Management (often abbreviated ALM) is the practice of managing risks that arise due to mismatches between the assets and liabilities (debts and assets) of the bank. Banks face several risks such as the liquidity risk, interest rate risk, credit risk and operational risk. Asset liability management (ALM) is a strategic management tool to manage interest rate risk and liquidity risk faced by banks, other financial services companies and corporations. Banks manage the risks of asset liability mismatch by matching the assets and liabilities according to the maturity pattern or the matching of the duration, by hedging and by securitization. . Modern risk management now takes place from an integrated approach to enterprise risk management that reflects the fact that interest rate risk, credit risk, market risk, and liquidity risk are all interrelated.
Present study deals with operational risks of banks (i.e. as Basel II defines “the risk of loss resulting from inadequate or failed operation of people, systems, and processes or from external events”). The complexity of financial institutions and the regulatory efforts make the analysis of the operational risk necessary. The main message of this book is that institution size has an important effect on operational risk exposure and management. Firstly, a well-behaving stylised stochastic process based approach underpins the applicability of Poisson frequency and fat-tailed loss distributions, however a method built from historical data on a small sample may result in estimation bias. Secondly similarly to the results for other countries the total operational risk losses in a given period are significantly correlated with gross income-based size of banks in Hungary as well, mainly driven by frequency. Finally, it is found that larger institutions are more inclined to use advanced operational risk management methods. This might be a favourable tendency from systemic risk point of view, as institutions with potentially higher system risk tend to apply more conscious risk management.
You bother to know how Basel II Accord is shaping the mechanics of risk management practices in Nigerian banks? Look no further. This paper chronicles some of the issues Nigerian banks have had to contend with while implementing Basel II Accord as directed by the Central Bank of Nigeria. The paper succinctly identifies the impacts of Basel II implementation in such areas as risk measurements, risk modelling, economic capital, capital allocation and management in Nigerian banks. As a professional, you will find this paper useful in appreciating how risk management mechanisms could be of help to your area of engagement. You will see how the concept of risk management affects different areas of banking business. Also as an academic or student, you will find the paper useful for your research in the areas of financial intermediation, risk management and Basel II Accord.